Situated alongside the Ewaso Nyiro River, there is plenty to attract wildlife from the surrounding savannah plains. Samburu National Reserve is a rugged and semi-desert park located in Samburu district in the Rift Valley Province The reserve is rich in wildlife with an abundance of rare northern specialist species such as the Grevy’s zebra, Somali ostrich, reticulated giraffe, gerenuk and the beisa oryx (also referred to as Samburu Special Five). Samburu national reserve derives its name from the Samburu people of Kenya who have lived in the area for many years.
The Ewaso Nyiro River cuts through this reserve, drawing a big population of Kenya animals to the park. The river bustles with activity from its huge population of Nile crocodile. The reserve's topography is mainly open savannah (grassland) with clusters of acacia trees, forest, thorn trees and grassland vegetation.